January 2006 CANISTER Newsletter
Website Version of Our Monthly Newsletter
From The Chattanooga Civil War Round Table
|VOLUME XXIII||JANUARY 17, 2006||NO. 1|
Visitors & Guests Welcome
|DATE:||TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2006||TIME: 7:00 PM|
"TENTH SOUTH CAROLINA:
LOW COUNTRY SOLDIERS
FROM THE RICE COAST"
LEE WHITE, CHICKAMAUGA AND
CHATTANOOGA NATIONAL MILITARY PARK
MILLIS-EVANS ROOM, CALDWELL HALL, ACADEMIC QUADRANGLE,
THE MCCALLIE SCHOOL, HISTORIC MISSIONARY RIDGE
(Directions to Caldwell Hall-Enter the McCallie School campus off of Dodds Avenue opposite the end of Bailey Avenue. Take the main drive into the campus and follow the signs for the Academic Quadrangle. There is a parking area there beside the Chapel and you will have passed Caldwell Hall on the right as you approach the parking area. Find a place and park. Caldwell Hall will be behind you as you park. Come in either the first or second floor doors and follow the signs to the Millis-Evans Room.)
In the story of many of the Army of Tennessee's battles, we frequently wind up
hearing of their role but don't really know it. They are part of that force which,
at so great a cost, drive back the hard fought stand of Sheridan's Union division
at Murfreesboro; they are part of one of the several forces that Wilder's Brigade
of Mounted Infantry, with their seven-shot Spencer Repeating Rifles, waxes at
Chickamauga; the first Confederate brigade on Missionary Ridge that really
breaks and begins the sudden collapse of the Southern line is just to their left;
they're amongst the Confederates who have taken DeGress's Illinois Battery
in the Battle of Atlanta and are then repulsed by Henry-wielding Federals, the
action depicted in the most famous, most commonly seen segment of the
Atlanta Cyclorama. They are the 10th South Carolina, the original regiment
of long time Army of Tennessee Brigadier General Arthur Middleton Manigault
and part of his South Carolina and Alabama brigade that winds up in the vortex
of so many of that ill-starred army's fights.
After years of threatening to do it, when South Carolina did go to war in late 1860 and early 1861, they did so in a little more organized fashion than many other states North or South. As a result, while the 10th will bear a higher number and suggest organization after the 1st and 2nd and 3rd, etc., the volunteers who made up the companies of the regiment and those companies themselves are some of the earliest enlistees in the cause of Southern Independence. South Carolina divided its districts (counties) into regions, gave each region a number, and organized a regiment from each region. The 10th came from the Low Country or Coastal districts north of Charleston. They come from yet another of the unique Souths of the multi-faceted South. They elected Arthur Manigault as their Colonel. While they will spend the first year of the war guarding the South Carolina coast, they were moved west after Shiloh and bacame part of the Army of the Mississippi/Army of Tennessee for the rest of the war and seeing, as noted above, some of the hottest actions of the war.
The 10th's original adjutant, Cornelius Irvine Walker, also a man of note in our Civil War story but one who is not always recognized. Walker became a staff officer to Manigault and then Lieutenant Colonel of the 10th but he also, in the years after the war, became a key figure in the Confederate veteran movement. He wrote a history of the 10th and was a member of the South Carolina commission that erected the Palmetto State monuments at Chickamauga. Additionally, during the war, he had corresponded extensively and insightfully in letters that survive and, now that those letters are being edited for publication, Walker will be sharing with us more history of the 10th and the Army of Tennessee and Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, and Atlanta.
Our speaker this evening, Historian Lee White, is one of the co-editors of Walker's wartime correspondence. He'll relate for us this evening a little bit about the 10th South Carolina, C. I. Walker, and his work in preparing the letters for us.
Lee White is a native of Walker County, Georgia, and is presently a Park Guide at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. He has previously spoken to us about the specific types of Confederate battleflags in use at Chickamauga and of the Battle of LaFayette. He has authored a chapter in a collection of essays on Pat Cleburne and has appeared in the History Channel's Chickamauga program as well as several other video programs.
OFFICERS FOR 2006
At the December meeting, the members present elected the following slate of officers for the Round Table for 2006:
SPEAKER'S FUND SUPPORT OF THE MONTH
There are four items again this month for the Speaker's Fund. The first is a copy of the 10th South Carolina's original colonel's memoir, A Carolinian Goes To War: The Civil War Narrative of Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General, C. S. A.. Written just shortly after the war's close, Manigault's often brutally honest memoir is one of the most important insights into the experience of the Army of Tennessee. The second item is a copy of Volume III of the wonderful The Image of War: 1861-1865 set; Volume III being The Embattled Confederacy with images of Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg. The third item is the memoir of Henry Kyd Douglas, I Rode With Stonewall, an account of one of T. J. Jackson's staff officers. The fourth item is a video tape "The Speeches of Abraham Lincoln." Items two, three and four this month were donated to the Round Table to support the Speaker's Fund. To those donors go our thanks. Proceeds from the Speaker's Fund go toward bringing speakers in from outside the area. Your support of the Speaker's Fund is appreciated.
DALTON RELIC SHOW
I didn't get a flyer this year, but, from what I can tell from several dealer's websites, talking with one dealer, and from an incomplete listing from the Trade Center, this year's Dalton Civil War Show is February 4-5. I can't give you the specific hours, but, as always, I'll recommend that if you want an education in the Civil War in a different perspective, plan to spend some time at the show on Saturday or Sunday morning. The show will be at the Northwest Georgia Trade and Convention Center on the lower eastern slopes of Rocky Face Ridge. Go south on I-75 to Dalton and get off at Exit 333, the Walnut Aenue exit. Instead of turning east to go toward the outlet stores or downtown, historic, Dalton, turn the other way and go part the way up the ridge. The Convention Center is part the way up on the left.
THE WAR ON TELEVISION
After not many WBTS programs on the tube of late, there are a couple coming up in the next week or so.
First, on Sunday, January 15, at 10 PM ET, and again on Saturday, January 21, at 6 PM ET, the History Channel will air "Eighty Acres of Hell." It's a new program and deals with Camp Douglas outside of Chicago where first thousands of Confederates captured at Fort Donelson were held and later thousands more Southerners who fell into Union hands at Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and in the Atlanta Campaign. More that 6,000 of the Confederates held there nearly on the banks of Lake Michigan in what is now South Chicago perished. This program is one hour in length.
The second program of note is also on the History Channel and is "Lincoln." This three hour program covers Lincoln's entire life and includes some dramatic re-creations of some of the seminal events of Lincoln's life. It too is a new program and airs first on Monday evening January 16 at 8 PM ET. It will be shown again on Saturday, January 21, at 8 P.M.
C-SPAN's BookTV has one Civil War related show coming up. Three times on the weekend of January 14-16 they will air a couple hour special on the Lincoln Assassination. They didn't have full details posted when I checked, but it will first air on Saturday the 14th at noon and then again on Sunday the 15th at 10 PM and a last time on Monday the 16th at 9 AM.
FUTURE ROUND TABLE MEETINGS
February 21, 2006 - To be announced
UP-COMING LOCAL CIVIL WAR EVENTS OF NOTE
November 9-11, 2006--14th Annual Symposium on the 19th Century Press, the Civil War, and Free Expression, sponsored by the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga's Department of Communications; more details later.
[Webmaster's Note: An insert was included in this month's Canister - 4 pages from|
the book, A Carolinian Goes To War: The Civil War Narrative of Arthur Middleton Manigult published by the University of South Carolina Press, 1983]
Click here to view the insert one page at a time: January Insert
President -- Jim Ogden
Vice President -- Ansley Moses
Treasurer -- Harvey Scarborough|
Secretary -- Neil Greenwood
If you or a friend would like to join the Chattanooga Civil War Round Table, send
your check for dues, made out to Chattanooga Civil War Round Table, to Chattanooga
Civil War round Table, c/o Jim Ogden, 4 Gala Drive, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia 30742.|
Regular Membership $20.00
Senior Citizen (62+) $15.00
Family Membership $30.00|
|The Round Table dues year is October 1 to September 30. Membership fee for new members joining after October is pro-rated, being reduced by $1.50 per month for regular membership, by $2.50 per month for family membership, and $1.00 per month for Senior Citizens and Students. Members up-dating their dues or rejoining are expected to pay the full rate.|
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